Brunvand notes that recountings of the —67 Mothman reports usually state that at least people saw Mothman with many more "afraid to report their sightings" but observed that written sources for such stories consisted of children's books or sensationalized or undocumented accounts that fail to quote identifiable persons.
Brunvand found elements in common among many Mothman reports and much older folk tales, suggesting that something real may have triggered the scares and became woven with existing folklore. He also records anecdotal tales of Mothman supposedly attacking the roofs of parked cars occupied by teenagers. Conversely, Joe Nickell says that a number of hoaxes followed the publicity generated by the original reports, such as a group of construction workers who tied flashlights to helium balloons.
Nickell attributes the Mothman reports to pranks, misidentified planes, and sightings of a barred owl , an albino owl , suggesting that the Mothman's "glowing eyes" were actually red-eye effect caused from the reflection of light from flashlights or other bright light sources. According to University of Chicago psychologist David A. Some pseudoscience adherents such as ufologists , paranormal authors, and cryptozoologists claim that Mothman was an alien , a supernatural manifestation, or a previously unknown species of animal. In his book The Mothman Prophecies , author John Keel claimed that the Point Pleasant residents experienced precognitions including premonitions of the collapse of the Silver Bridge, unidentified flying object sightings, visits from inhuman or threatening men in black , and other phenomena.
Point Pleasant held its first Annual Mothman Festival in and a foot-tall metallic statue of the creature, created by artist and sculptor Bob Roach, was unveiled in There is a variety of events that go on during the festival such as guest speakers, vendor exhibits, a mothman pancake eating contest, and hayride tours focusing on the notable areas of Point Pleasant.
Media related to Mothman at Wikimedia Commons. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. This is the latest accepted revision , reviewed on 4 November For other uses, see Mothman disambiguation. Net, Mark Turner. Archived from the original on 11 October Retrieved 27 January Retrieved University Press of Kentucky. The idea of creating form from the formless is, properly speaking, a fully Romantic idea, and it corresponds, at this fundamental level, to the philosophy and ideology of grand Romanticism. And as far as film criticism may have moved, in many of its postures and assumptions, from the trappings of the Romantic code, it nonetheless remains beholden to and entrenched within it.
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Where do pre-production and post-production—all the forms of preparation and montage—figure in this divine circuit of Romantic creativity? How can a theory of style or form in cinema—an aesthetic of cinema—ignore production design in all its levels , picture editing and the construction of a sound track? And here, even the seemingly empty or inexpressive cadences of articulation—the black frames that can separate images, say—have a role to play which is just as aesthetically determining as the more obviously full or signifying ones.
A dispositif is not a writing or painting from a formless real; nor is it something arrived at, on the set, spontaneously, intuitively or mystically. It is a preconceived, or organically developed, work of form. It is at this point that dispositif thinking intersects with another term that has become richly productive in recent years: intermediality Martin c. The realm today defined as World Cinema—critical surveys at last taking fuller measure of the work produced in Iran, Africa, India, China, Argentina, Romania, Portugal and so on, beyond the tried and true Euro-Anglo centres—is also giving us an urgent impetus to understand filmic dispositifs as intermedial phenomena.
In the productions of Manoel de Oliveira A Talking Picture , , Apichatpong Weerasethakul Syndromes and a Century , , Miguel Gomes Our Beloved Month of August , or Godard Film Socialism , , traces of so many diverse media film, theatre, radio, installation, fiction, documentary are set in relation to each other like so many levels, panels, screens or computer windows, not fused but held distinct and resonating precisely via their intervals.
It is not entirely a matter of inventing a new critical idiom in order to grasp all of this. In some ways, a tradition of such analytical work has long existed, in however fragmentary or unrecognised a form. There are elements of dispositif insight in the work of many critics usually associated with the expressive school.
As I have argued elsewhere b , it is, rather, the category of textual logic that we must reinvestigate and reinvigorate—neither the strict structuralist code nor its liberatory poststructuralist surplus. Yet this opens the possibility of precisely the opposing option: that cinematic expression can also be dialectically fused with artifice.
Moreover, Bazin spoke with equal passion and conviction of the vocation of an impure cinema Bazin , and it is to this idea that Bellour returned at the dawn of our new, digital 21 st century:. Thus, the cinema, this impure art as Bazin called it, since it is inspired by all the other arts while offering up reality itself, paradoxically gains in purity to the extent that its most active truth becomes the truth of its dispositif.
Bellour a: 52, translation mine. On another level, cinema is surely a paradoxical object: its medium-specific possibility seems to have been well and truly overrun by its tendency to intermediality, its fundamental impurity. Giorgio Agamben trans. Stanford University Press, Halsey II and William. L, William D. Jean-Louis Comolli, Voir et pouvoir. Armstrong ed. Jean-Francois Lyotard, Libidinal Economy , trans. Martin ed. Joe McElhaney ed. Christian Metz trans. Brewster, C. Britton, A. He is the author of eight books on cinema, including the forthcoming essay collection Mysteries of Cinema Amsterdam University Press.
Elsaesser In this period of the early s, mainstream television still as throughout much of the advanced work in cultural studies of the s showed the way to critics and theorists for the possible destinies of the image in the contemporary and future audiovisual landscape. Elsaesser 47 Not the reality-effect but the materiality-effect?
Contraptions Two snapshots from the beginning of 1. A Thoroughly Heterogeneous Ensemble The term dispositif is popping up in many places in English-language theoretical writing at present. In her text, Margaret Morse provided what was to be a prophetic vision of the audiovisual workings of our digital screen-media age: The representation of the copresence of multiple worlds in different modes on the television screen is achieved via division of the visual field into areas or via the representation of stacked places which can be tumbled or squeezed and which, in visual terms, advance toward and retreat from the visual field of the viewer.
Cinema Without Walls A dispositif is not a writing or painting from a formless real; nor is it something arrived at, on the set, spontaneously, intuitively or mystically. Moreover, Bazin spoke with equal passion and conviction of the vocation of an impure cinema Bazin , and it is to this idea that Bellour returned at the dawn of our new, digital 21 st century: Thus, the cinema, this impure art as Bazin called it, since it is inspired by all the other arts while offering up reality itself, paradoxically gains in purity to the extent that its most active truth becomes the truth of its dispositif.
Blood Money is a remarkable piece of scholarship that highlights the many forces that helped establish the teen slasher as a key component of the North American film industry's repertoire of youth-market product. Cinema, Brand, Discursive Complex.
Bollywood in Britain provides the most extensive survey to date of the various manifestations and facets of the Bollywood phenomenon in Britain. The book analyzes the role of Hindi films in the British film market, it shows how audiences engage with Bollywood cinema and it discusses the ways the image of Bollywood in Britain has been shaped. In contrast to most of the existing books on the subject, which tend to approach Bollywood as something that is made by Asians for Asians, the book also focuses on how Bollywood has been adapted for non-Asian Britons.
An analysis of Bollywood as an unofficial brand is combined with in-depth readings of texts like film reviews, the TV show Bollywood Star and novels and plays with references to the Bombay film industry. On this basis Bollywood in Britain demonstrates that the presentation of Bollywood for British mainstream culture oscillates between moments of approximation and distancing, with a clear dominance of the latter.
Despite its alleged transculturality, Bollywood in Britain thus emerges as a phenomenon of difference, distance and Othering. They have played with the myths, created legends, turned the social order topsy-turvy. One thing is certain: in 20th- and 21st-century America, an impressive lineup of African American women have dazzled and delighted the world with their energy and style.
Who are these great women of the stage and screen? In this groundbreaking book, Donald Bogle narrates a sweeping history and describes a remarkable tradition that was largely unknown or not understood - or simply unacknowledged. Diva style has sometimes been part put-on, part come-on, part camp, and part reflection of an authentic African American cultural tradition. Haughtiness, control, shrewdness, energy, extravagance, optimism, and humor are all a part of it. Yet, there are often the tears behind the mask, the hideous realities of racism and exploitation, the pain hiding behind the smile, the concealed anxieties, private lives in ruins: all the obstacles and pressures involved in making it to the top.
Onstage and off, the lives of these captivating women, their follies and fortunes, trials, tragedies, transformations, and triumphs, their inimitable style, have become a cherished part of our own. A revised edition of the only book to explore the unique brilliance of director Tim Burton's work, including a new chapter on the making of Sleepy Hollow. Still only in his thirties, Tim Burton has established himself in the past fifteen years as one of the great visionaries of film. With the Batman films, Beetlejuice, Edward Scissorhands, The Nightmare Before Christmas, Ed Wood, and, most recently, Sleepy Hollow, he has continually broken new ground both visually and thematically, exploring the dark anguish--as well as the dark humor--that animates many of his characters while also creating a densely textured, sometimes bizarre look specific to each film.
In Burton on Burton, Burton talks to Mark Salisbury about his training as an animator at Disney, the importance of design in his films, and the recurring themes present in his work. In this revised edition, he also discusses the influence of s sci-fi and s disaster films on Mars Attacks!
Enhanced by stills from the films, storyboards, and illustrations of set designs for all his major films, Burton on Burton provides insights and information about the man and his work, throwing light on both his unique artistic vision and on the extraordinary films that have been the result. Tempest in a Flat Hat.
Everything You Need to Know About ‘Insidious’ Before Watching ‘Insidious: The Last Key’
Cartoons in Hard Times provides a comprehensive analysis of the short subject animation released by the Walt Disney and Warner Brothers from and , one of the most turbulent periods in Unites States history. Through a combination of content analysis, historical understanding and archival research, this book sheds new light on a hitherto unexplored area of animation, suggesting the ways in which Disney and Warner Brothers animation engaged with historical, social, economic and political changes in this era.
The book also traces the development of animation into a medium fit for propaganda in and the changes in characters, tone, music and narrative that took place to facilitate this transition. Animation transformed in this era from a medium of entertainment, to a socio-political commentator before finally undertaking government sponsored propaganda during the Second World War.
Charles Hawtrey, the skinny one with the granny glasses, was everybody's favourite in the "Carry On" films. Incorporating interviews with the major players, this biography examines Hawtrey's origins as a child star and as a performer in revue and the Will Hay films. Borders and Encounters.
Scholarly discussion is now of the highest quality and of interest to anyone concerned not only with the extent to which adult cultural conversations invoke the figure of the child, but also to those interested in exploring how film cultures can shift questions of agency and experience in relation to subjectivity. Childhood and Nation in World Cinema recognizes that the range of films and scholarship is now sufficiently extensive to invoke the world cinema mantra of pluri-vocal and pluri-central attention and interpretation.
At the same time, the importance of the child in figuring ideas of nationhood is an undiminished tic in adult cultural and social consciousness. Either the child on film provokes claims on the nation or the nation claims the child.
Given the waning star of national film studies, and the widely held and serious concerns over the status of the nation as a meaningful cultural unit, the point here is not to assume some extraordinary pre-social geopolitical empathy of child and political entity. Rather, the present collection observes how and why and whether the cinematic child is indeed aligned to concepts of modern nationhood, to concerns of the State, and to geo-political organizational themes and precepts.
This innovative collection of essays on twenty-first century Chinese cinema and moving image culture features contributions from an international community of scholars, critics, and practitioners.
- Mothman - Wikipedia.
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Taken together, their perspectives make a compelling case that the past decade has witnessed a radical transformation of conventional notions of cinema. Ethics, Biopolitics and the Moving Image. Cinema and Agamben brings together a group of established scholars of film and visual culture to explore the nexus between the moving image and the influential work of Italian philosopher Giorgio Agamben.
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Including two original texts by Agamben himself, published here for the first time in English translation, these essays facilitate a unique multidisciplinary conversation that fundamentally rethinks the theory and praxis of cinema.