Titan rockets were originally designed to kill vast numbers of people in an instant. They were descended directly from Nazi technology that attempted to do the same. The first humans sent into space were lofted aboard modified ICBMs. But the V-2s were. As we honor those who fought to defend against these early space weapons - and mourn those killed by them - and those who died as slave labor building them - its is more important than ever to work to resist heading down that path again.
I never got an answer. Instead I'd usually get some sort of "we'll get back to you" or "we're still working on that". Well, now it is much more. Of course NASA never explains where they get these numbers. They never include the real cost i.
Nor do they get into improvements in ground systems, and dead ends like certifying J-2 for Ares V and then mothballing that effort. And then there is the cost of the payload - the only actual payload for SLS that currently exists: Orion unless you count the cubesats that will be launched. Letter from OMB to Sen. The Administration would also like to take this opportunity to share its views regarding language provisions in the bill including:.
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- Local Planning In Practice (Built Environment).
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The Administration is deeply concerned that this mandate would slow the lunar exploration program, which requires every SLS rocket available. Unlike the human exploration program, which requires use of the SLS, the Europa mission could be launched by a commercial rocket. The Committee report includes directive language for NASA that would hinder the Administration's efforts to help the agency make necessary corrections to its financial systems.
These changes are needed to eliminate current deficiencies and improve NASA's ability to efficiently comply with the Antideficiency Act. The Committee report includes language that would direct the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration NOAA to study the impacts that instruments operating in the Such a study would be directly duplicative of past Agency studies on this subject, which were fully considered by the Administration in a lengthy interagency process earlier this year, leading to a carefully-wrought compromise that balances the spectrum needs of government and private enterprise.
The Administration believes that further study is unnecessary, and asks that the language be removed. The Administration appreciates that the bill includes funding for critical priorities, including:. The Administration greatly appreciates that the Committee establishes an "Operations and Maintenance, Space Force" appropriation within the Department of Defense DOD for the first time and has provided the requested funding for the initial operations of the United States Space Force.
Root cause of lack of chute deployment has been found. Lack of firm connection between pilot chute and main chute lanyard.
That means pilot chute could not pull out main chute. Somewhat hard to inspect this connection prior to use. Keith's note: This is from Ron's wife Marcia on his Facebook page: "Dear Friends of Ron, Ron passed away early this morning from complications from pancreatic cancer. Although we knew his time was limited, this still came as a shock.
Ron made a lot of friends through the years, and I know appreciated all of you. He leaves behind me, our 3 kids, and endless books and projects. Ronald J. Reisman , MS, Lifeboat Foundation. His patents include Real-time surface traffic adviser and Automated traffic management system and method. Every industry is trying to get their hands on the success of Blockchain and this time its the aerospace sector. NASA is looking into different ways Blockchain technology can be used in their system.
Below is a collection of these reports. For the most part they are un-redacted. Sometimes they are - alas the redactions are not consistent over the entire collection with somethings blacked out on one report only to be in the clear on another.
Utilization of space today and tomorrow pdf
Keith's note: The pad abort test of Boeing Starliner was technically a success today. The system quickly removed the capsule from the danger zone and landed exactly as planned but one of the three main parachutes did not deploy. The NASA and Boeing TV announcers repeatedly commented that 2 deployed parachutes are within the safety requirements of the system, that this is all about redundancy, and that a safe landing could have happened with one parachute.
But one of the three main parachutes failed to deploy. Given previous parachute problems, it is possible that additional testing will be required before Starliner who can be launched. Boeing was originally not planning to do a live broadcast of this test until NASA Administrator Bridenstine told them that they were going to do it.
Keith's update: NASA's post- test press release says "Two of three Starliner's main parachutes deployed just under half a minute into the test, and the service module separated from the crew module a few seconds later. Although designed with three parachutes, two opening successfully is acceptable for the test perimeters and crew safety.
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However Boeing's post-test press release makes no mention whatsoever of the parachute failure. Its a good thing that Jim Bridnestine directed Boeing to televise the test - otherwise we might not have known about the chute failure. Keith's second update: Boeing posted this update " Boeing statement regarding CST Starliner pad abort test " saying "We will review the data to determine how all of the systems performed, including the parachute deployment sequence.
We did have a deployment anomaly, not a parachute failure. No one knows what happened so it is called an "anomaly". I get that. But the parachute failed to deploy.
Utilization of Space: Today and Tomorrow
We could all see that it failed to deploy. This update was not emailed to the same distribution list Boeing uses for press releases. Also, the earlier press release that makes no mention of any parachute issues is still online at Boeing. Anyone who sees this press release or the version sent out to the media may be totally unaware that the parachute failed to deploy on a vehicle designed to carry people. Since that time there have always been humans living offworld on ISS. We now have high school graduates who have spent their entire lives wherein such a thing is quite normal Artemis pic.
Thank you to BoeingSpace. Transparency for the taxpayer. The test is scheduled for 9 a. EST 7 a. MST with a three-hour test window. Live coverage is targeted to start at a. Curiosity and exploration are vital to the human spirit and accepting the challenge of going deeper into space will invite the citizens of the world today and the generations of tomorrow to join NASA on this exciting journey. This is the beginning of a new era in space exploration in which NASA has been challenged to develop systems and capabilities required to explore beyond low-Earth orbit, including destinations such as translunar space, near-Earth asteroids and eventually Mars.
By building upon what we learn there we will prepare astronauts for the challenges of long-duration flight and the permanent expansion of human exploration beyond where we have been before. Explorers may visit near-Earth asteroids where we may get answers to the questions humans have always asked. Visiting an asteroid will provide valuable mission experience and prepare us for the next steps—possibly for the first humans to step on Mars. Robotic exploration continues to deliver profound answers about our Universe by visiting far-off destinations, providing reconnaissance and collecting scientific data.
When combining both human and robotic exploration methods we will use technology and our senses to increase our ability to observe, adapt, and uncover new knowledge. The first step in embarking on a long and challenging journey involves laying solid groundwork for a successful endeavor. The International Space Station serves as a national laboratory for human health, biological, and materials research, as a technology test-bed, and as a stepping stone for going further into the solar system.
On the International Space Station we will improve and learn new ways to ensure astronauts are safe, healthy and productive while exploring, and we will continue expand our knowledge about how materials and biological systems behave outside of the influence of gravity.
NASA will continue its unprecedented work with the commercial industry and expand an entire industry as private companies develop and operate safe, reliable and affordable commercial systems to transport crew and cargo to and from the International Space Station and low Earth orbit. Operating in translunar space, NASA can research galactic cosmic radiation—potentially the most threatening element to humans exploring deep space—and develop mitigation strategies that may also lead to medical advancements on Earth.
The Lagrange points—places in cislunar space where the gravitational influences of the Earth and moon cancel each other out—are advantageous areas for exploration and research in which almost no propulsion is required to keep an object or spacecraft stationary. Missions to translunar space will give NASA and its partners the opportunity to develop tools and operational techniques to support decades of future exploration, while remaining in relative proximity to Earth. Asteroids are believed to have formed early in our solar system's history—about 4. By visiting these near Earth objects to study the material that came from the solar nebula, we can look for answers to some of humankind's most compelling questions, such as: how did the solar system form and where did the Earth's water and other organic materials such as carbon come from?
In addition to unlocking clues about our solar system, asteroids may provide clues about our Earth.
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By understanding more about asteroids we may learn more about past Earth impacts and possibly find ways to reduce the threat of future impacts. Future robotic missions to asteroids will prepare humans for long-duration space travel and the eventual journey to Mars. Robotic missions will provide reconnaissance information about asteroid orbits, surface composition, and even return samples to Earth for further evaluation.
These robotic missions are a critical step in preparing humans to visit asteroids where we will learn about the valuable resources available in space, and further develop ways to use them in our quest for more efficient and affordable exploration. Mars has always been a source of inspiration for explorers and scientists.
Robotic missions have found evidence of water, but if life exists beyond Earth still remains a mystery. Robotic and scientific robotic missions have shown that Mars has characteristics and a history similar to Earth's, but we know that there are striking differences that we have yet to begin to understand. Humans can build upon this knowledge and look for signs of life and investigate Mars' geological evolution, resulting in research and methods that could be applied here on Earth.